Manual therapy refers to a therapeutic approach where the therapist uses their hands to treat the patient, focusing on soft and hard tissues within the human body, including connective tissues, the musculoskeletal system, and the fascia (the fibrous connective tissue that surrounds muscles). The therapy involves mobilization, which means using movements, and stretching techniques to provide treatment.
Manual therapy encompasses various techniques, including classic deep tissue medical massage and joint manipulation. It is commonly used to address neck, back, and lower back pain. During the therapy session, the therapist works directly with the patient, promoting relaxation throughout the entire back and elongating the muscles. The therapist addresses individual muscles, facilitating their stretching to promote softening and relaxation of the muscles.