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Physiotherapy assists in regaining movement and function when affected by injury, illness, or disability.

Physical therapy is the type of application applied by a physiotherapist with the use of manual and some machines to increase the physical strength of people.

What is physical therapy?

Physiotherapy is a type of scientific approach administered by a physiotherapist using manual techniques and some machines to improve people’s physical health. Physiotherapy is applied acquired or congenital orthopedic or neurological diseases and injuries with new approaches and methods. With advancing technology, the use of new devices and machines has not only reduced the workload of physiotherapists but also enabled faster results. During sessions, the physiotherapist may choose from various treatment methods, including electrotherapy, manual therapy, chiropractic, among others, depending on their preference and the patient’s condition. Complementary and corrective exercises are also commonly integrated into the sessions, and it is often advised for the patient to continue these exercises after the treatment to maintain the progress achieved.

How is Physiotherapy Applied?

A physiotherapy session, or physical therapy, begins by determining the type of application to be applied, for which the exact health issue of the patient in which area needs to be fully identified.

Subsequently, the physiotherapist decides which physical theraphy approach to apply in which area with the modalities they will implement. For example; reducing inflammation or strengthening. In short, the physiotherapist determines the treatment program and plans it according to the appropriate purpose within a specific time frame. Additionally, the patient is informed about what to pay attention to during this process.

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What types of diseases does physical therapy/physiotherapy treat?

Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, provides rehabilitation in units such as pain management, back problems, spine issues, neck pain, orthopedics, neurology, pediatrics, and geriatrics.

Physiotherapists offer services both on an outpatient basis and for patients who need to be hospitalized. In necessary cases, treatment can be applied to the patient’s environment, tailored to their specific needs.

What is Lumbar Herniation (Slipped Disc)? What Causes Lumbar Herniation? What are the Symptoms of Lumbar Herniation? How is Lumbar Herniation Diagnosed?

Lumbar herniation is the injury of the soft tissue between the vertebrae in the lumbar region. Lumbar herniation is the most common spinal problem in our era. The herniated disc does not have a specific shape or level, it varies from person to person. The biggest challenge nowadays is applying the same treatment to every herniation. There are different degrees of lumbar herniation, but the clinical findings and radiological imaging of each patient are crucial. Therefore, each person’s treatment is unique to them. What causes lumbar herniation? There are many different causes of lumbar herniation, the most well-known being lifting heavy loads along with the weight we carry. A sedentary and inactive lifestyle can lead to lumbar herniation, as immobility weakens the muscles that support the spine, resulting in degeneration or tearing of the spine. Poor posture, prolonged standing, incorrect sitting postures, and trauma can also lead to lumbar herniation.

How do we diagnose lumbar herniation? The diagnosis of lumbar herniation is made through MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) method. Physical examination findings also provide clues. Depending on the location and degree of the herniation, there may be symptoms such as back pain, leg pain, weakness, and loss of sensation in the legs. In such cases, evaluating MRI results together with a neurosurgeon leads to a faster resolution.

What is the Treatment for Lumbar Herniation? Under Which Circumstances is Lumbar Herniation Surgery Performed?

In lumbar herniation, the most important clinical findings are the patient’s main complaints and weakness. The location of the herniation and the type of nerve compression are important. Some patients may have no pain complaints at all but experience weakness in their legs, in such cases, a neurosurgeon should be consulted. If the detected herniation does not compress the nerve, the pain can be controlled, and the patient can recover from lumbar herniation with the right exercise methods. You can consult with a physiotherapist in this regard.

What is Good for Lumbar Herniation Pain? Lumbar Herniation Exercises? Lumbar Herniation Movements?

In lumbar herniation pain, the best treatment method is to work one-on-one with a physiotherapist. The best treatment method for lumbar herniation is also rest. It is essential to comply with the medical solution recommendations determined by your doctor. Afterwards, with the guidance of a physiotherapist, you can plan a treatment focusing on strengthening the muscles and controlling the pain.

The most important exercises for lumbar herniation involve the abdomen and hips. Additionally, stretching the spine and elongating the back muscles can relieve our pain. However, if you have a condition like lumbar herniation, it is essential to have an exercise plan created by specialists.

What is Cervical Herniation (Cervical Disc Herniation)? What are the Symptoms of Cervical Herniation? What Causes Cervical Herniation?

Cervical herniation is the injury of the soft tissue between the cervical discs. People with cervical herniation may experience neck pain, as well as pain radiating to the back, shoulder, or arm. The most prominent complaint of the patient is usually pain. Cervical herniation can also cause numbness and weakness in the arms. It is generally caused by poor posture and improper body alignment. It is more common in office workers who spend long hours sitting at a computer. It is also observed in individuals who spend excessive time using their phones, leading to excessive strain on the neck.

What is the Treatment for Cervical Herniation? What are Cervical Herniation Exercises? How to Get Rid of Cervical Herniation? What is a Cervical Herniation Pillow?

In cervical herniation, after examining the patient’s radiological findings, a personalized treatment should be determined based on the clinical findings of the patient. After resolving acute pain and spasm, the patient needs to perform exercises for strengthening. Since we spend a significant part of our life in bed, the pillow we use is also crucial. A pillow tailored to the individual and the problem should be chosen.

Does Cervical Herniation Cause Headaches?

Cervical herniation can cause pain in certain situations, but headaches can be caused by other problems as well. To determine the cause of the pain, imaging and some tests may be necessary. If the pain is not due to the herniation, it could be related to circulatory problems, and detailed examination is required.

What is Cervical Straightening? What are the Exercises for Cervical Straightening?

Cervical straightening is when the cervical vertebrae assume a line shape instead of the normal curve. It can be diagnosed through cervical X-rays. After this diagnosis, the patient needs to be treated with exercises. During this process, the patient should consult a physiotherapist and find a solution to the problem.

Hemen Ara